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[Company Name] has developed the ladder safety program to safeguard employees who perform work from ladders. This program establishes training and standard procedures for safely using ladders.

Ladder Types

The following discusses ladders used at this facility:

Ladder Style

  • Step ladder - a self-supporting ladder that is non-adjustable in length, with flat steps and designed for use by one person.
  • Extension - a non-supporting portable ladder that is adjustable in length. It consists of two or more sections that can run along a track or brackets to allow for length adjustments. It is designed for one-person use.
  • Multipurpose - can perform both the functions of a stepladder or an extension ladder.

Ladder Materials

  • Aluminum (never to be used when working around power lines)
  • Wood
  • Fiberglass

Duty Ratings

  • Type 1AA (extra heavy duty), 375 lbs.
  • Type 1A (extra heavy duty), 300 lbs.
  • Type 1 (heavy duty), 250 lbs.
  • Type II (medium duty), 225 lbs.
  • Type III (light duty), 200 lbs.

Ladder Inspection

Management will conduct documented ladder audits quarterly. Prior to each use, employees are to inspect ladders for:

  • Loose, cracked, bent, or missing steps

  • Cracked, bent, split, or frayed rail shields

  • Missing labels

  • Cracked, loose, or missing tops

  • Loose, bent, or broken spreaders

  • Loose, bent, missing, or broken rung locks

  • Damaged, loose, or missing hardware

  • Loose, bent, or broken rope/pulley

  • General rust, corrosion, or loose components

  • Missing or broken bracing, shoes, or rivets

Any ladder that is damaged or otherwise compromised is to be removed from service immediately and tagged as damaged. A hazard correction form should be submitted. All repairs are to be completed under manufacturer recommendation.

Ladder Use

  • Select the correct ladder for the job or task at hand.
  • The duty rating of the ladder must be greater than the total weight of the climber, tools, supplies, and anything else on the ladder.
  • Use only as designed and according to manufacturer’s specifications.
  • UL stamp must be listed and meet ANSI standards.
  • When the ladder is set up for use, it must be placed on a firm level ground.
  • If climbing onto a roof or platform, extend ladder 3 feet above the top edge.
  • Do not over-reach if ladder is too far from the task.
  • Keep all ladders and other tools at least 10 feet away from any power lines. Use only non-conductive ladders.

Climbing and Descending

  • Always face the ladder when climbing or working.
  • Keep three points of contact when climbing a ladder. Always hold onto the ladder with at least one hand.
  • To avoid slips, check the rungs and the bottom of your shoes for mud, grease, moisture, or other debris.
  • Never climb higher than the second step from the top on a stepladder or the third rung from the top of an extension ladder.

Step Ladders

  • Step ladders longer than 20 feet are prohibited.
  • Step ladders should be used only on flat, stable surfaces with all four feet solidly on the floor.
  • Step ladders should be fully opened with spreaders locked.
  • Never lean a step ladder against the wall without opening it. The feet will not set flat and are prone to slip, the rear feet can touch the ground and lift the front feet causing a slip, and the rails are not designed or rated for use in that manner.

Extension Ladders

  • Single section ladders longer than 30 feet and two-section ladders longer than 60 feet are prohibited.
  • When erecting an extension ladder, observe the 4:1 rule (the vertical rise of the ladder is four times its horizontal reach).
  • Secure the ladder’s dogs before climbing.
  • Do not move or adjust a ladder while someone is on it.